Mosquitoes can be a big menace especially when you have kids in the family. A mosquito net made of the right material is a must have if you want adequate protection from the mosquitoes. Also, they should be made of the right material
Now the question is, what material are mosquito nets made of? Mosquito nets can be made of several different materials such as cotton, nylon, HDPE (high-density polyethylene), polypropene, fiberglass and voile. The material used will depend on the type and use of the netting. Some mosquito nets are treated with an insecticide for better protection from the mosquitoes.
Mosquito nets come in different sizes and for various purposes. You can have mosquito mesh for the windows, mosquito nets for the beds and cots, mosquito net for the outdoors and even a standalone net covering just the face.
Types of Mosquito Nets and their Material
A window mesh is by far the best method for mosquito prevention that you can have in a house. It helps to prevent the mosquitoes from entering the house in the first place. You can have these meshes at every window of your house.
They usually comes in rolls of fiberglass interwoven into a mesh. The right size can be measured and cut to cover any window size or shape. Usually velcros are attached to the outside borders of the mesh which makes it easy to install it at the windows.
Foldable Bed Mosquito Net
The next most common type of mosquito net is the foldable bed mesh which is attached over a bed with the help of stands or a base that fits well around the mattress. This mesh comes with zippers which can help collapse the net and make it easy to come and get up from the bed.
These nets are mostly made of polyester or HDPE. The net is very fine and helps prevent mosquitoes and even flies from entering. They can also be coated with insecticide material which would keep the mosquitoes from coming anywhere near the net.
Portable Camping Mosquito Net
These are smaller sized nets and can usually accommodate 1-2 people. Due to their small size, they are very portable and have good usage in camping trips. Again, they are mostly made of polyester, polycotton or polyethylene.
Canopy Shaped Mosquito Nets
These nets cover the entire section of the bed. However, unlike the common bed mesh, these nets provide protection by covering all the four sides of the bed. They are shaped like curtains and can be drawn or opened as per requirement.
Mosquito Head Mesh
The head mesh mostly has an outdoors application. Though there is no written rule and you can wear it indoors, compared to the outdoors you don’t have as many mosquitoes or insects attacking you indoors. Moreover, it is better to apply a mosquito repellent cream when moving around in the house rather than carrying a mesh on the head.
The head mesh is made of nylon and has an elastic base for the neck. It is large enough to be worn over a hat or any headgear of normal size. It has great application during camping, hiking or even when working in the orchards or while beekeeping.
Crib/Stroller Mosquito Nets
As the name suggests, these nets are used for protection of babies and toddlers. Toddlers can get bitten by mosquitoes all the time when they are in their cots or strollers. Hence, it is a great idea to attach a mosquito net to the cot. A net can also be attached to the stroller when taking the baby out.
These nets are made of eco-friendly nylon or polyester and usually are not treated with insecticide. They come with zippers and can be very effective in giving protection against mosquitoes and flies.
What are treated mosquito nets?
For further protection from mosquitoes, mosquito nets are further treated with special insecticide material. This material keeps the mosquitoes from coming anywhere near the net. However, the material is non toxic for humans.
Usually, these nets are treated with deltamethrin or permethrin. It is non toxic material even for kids and kills the mosquitoes on contact. Commonly known as ITNs (Insecticide-Treated mosquito Nets), they are useful in prevention of diseases transmitted by mosquitoes.
These nets come in different price ranges depending upon the material and the size. They can cost as low as $6 going up to $25 for a double bed mesh.
Usage and Effectiveness
You must note that though they are sold as mosquito nets, they can also be used to block other flying pests such as flies, no see ums and bugs. For protection from no see ums however, you need to have an ultra fine mesh as they are smaller in size and chances are they can enter through a standard mosquito mesh.
While mosquito nets might not be as essential in urban households and there are other means of protection as well, in tropical regions where incidents of malaria or dengue are rampant, insecticide treated mosquito nets are a necessity.
Insecticide-treated mosquito nets have a very high success rate when it comes to repelling mosquitoes. There is only one thing though, you must take care that the net does not have any holes or openings through which the mosquitoes can enter.
Can mosquitoes get through nets?
There are very less chances of mosquitoes biting their way through mosquito nets, especially if they’re made of synthetic material like nylon, polyester or fiberglass. However, if there’s a hole or opening in the net, there are chances of mosquitoes passing through it.
Are treated mosquito nets safe for babies?
Although treated mosquito nets are safe for adults and even young kids, there are chances of adverse effect for babies and toddlers with their prolonged use. Hence it is safer to use an eco-friendly mosquito net which is not treated with insecticides, for infants.
How long do mosquito nets last?
Studies have shown that while nylon and polyester nets last around 3 years which includes washing, polyethylene nets can last for as much as 5 to 7 years when used regularly.